Canada's Competition Bureau Calls on Textile Dealers to Correctly Label Textile Articles Derived from Bamboo
An increase in claims of textiles being "bamboo", "made from bamboo"
or containing "bamboo fibers" has promoted the Competition Bureau of
Canada to reaffirm its position that, whenever an article is made of man-made
rayon fibers derived from bamboo, the generic fiber name must first make reference
to "rayon" or the corresponding chemical process outlined in the Textile
Labeling and Advertising Regulations (TLAR) of Canada, and may be followed by
the words "from bamboo", so long the source of rayon is bamboo.
There are two types of products derived from the bamboo plant. One is true
"bamboo fiber", the other is "rayon" derived from the bamboo
Natural bamboo fiber is extracted directly from bamboo culms (the plant stems).
Fabrics made from this fiber can be labeled as "bamboo".
Production of "rayon from bamboo" follows the same principle involved
in producing conventional rayon man-made fiber. In this case, the cellulose
is extracted from bamboo plants. Fabrics made from this fiber cannot be labeled
as bamboo, they need to be labeled as "rayon".
Paragraph 26 (2)(c) of the TLAR states that: The generic name for a textile
fiber that is made from regenerated cellulose is "rayon", but where
that fiber has been made by:
- The cuprammonium process, "cupro",
"cupro rayon", "cuprammonium" or "cuprammonium rayon"
may be used as its generic name;
- The viscose process, "viscose"
or "viscose rayon" may be used as its generic name;
- A modified viscose process so that is
has a high wet modulus, "modal" or "modal rayon" may be
used as its generic name; or,
- A solvent extrusion process, where no
chemical intermediates are formed, "lyocell" or "lyocell rayon"
may be used as its generic name.
The proper generic name will vary depending on which particular cellulose process
was used. Where an article is made of man-made rayon fibers derived from bamboo,
the generic fiber name must first make reference to either "rayon"
or the corresponding process outlined in the TLAR, followed by the words "from
bamboo". Examples of acceptable generic names include "rayon",
"viscose", "rayon from bamboo", and "viscose from bamboo".
Until August 31, 2009, textile dealers will be permitted to sell in Canada
existing stocks of textile articles that were in production, manufactured, labeled
or packaged, in the ordinary course of business, prior to March11, 2009 which
have been incorrectly labeled "bamboo". After August 31, the Bureau
will conduct marketplace survelliance to ensure compliance with the TLAR.
Products made from man-made fibers derived from bamboo are often accompanied
by performance representations such as "naturally antibacterial" or
"UV protective". Such performance claims must be supported by proper
and adequate testing.
Similarly, labels on textile products containing man-made fibers derived from
bamboo often make environmental claims such as "eco-friendly", "organically
grown", or "biodegradable". Environmental claims for textiles
must meet the requirements outlined in the Bureau's guidelines on Environmental
claims: a Guide for Industry and Advertisers by June 2009.
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