Bisphenol-A (BPA) Updates in US
The US Congress has proposed a bill in March this year to ban the use of BPA
in "reusable food container" and "other food containers".
According to the proposal, a food (or beverage) container that is composed of
(in whole or in part) BPA, or that can release BPA into food shall be prohibited.
The prohibition will become effective 180 days after the date of enactment,
however, waiver may be granted by the authority.
"Reusable food container" means a container that does not contain
a food item when it is introduced or delivered for introduction into interstate
"Other food container" means a container that is packed with food
and introduced or delivered for introduction into interstate commerce.
Suffolk County, New York State:
Suffolk Executive, Mr. Steve Levy, announced on April 2, 2009 the signing of
the Resolution of ban on baby bottles and cups intended to be used by children
under three years of age that contain BPA. According to the law, no person shall
sell or offer for sale children's beverage containers that contain BPA within
the County of Suffolk.
The law will take effect 90 days after it is officially filed and applies to
any and all actions occurring on or after the effective date.
The state of Illinois has proposed a bill (Child-Safe Chemicals Act) to outlaw
all children's food containers and sports water bottles made with BPA. According
to the bill, beginning July 1, 2010, no person shall sell, offer to sell, distribute,
or offer to distribute sports water bottle; or children's food container for
consumption by children 3 years of age or younger no matter that container is
filled with or without any food or beverage, that contains BPA.
However, this requirement does not apply to metal cans. Metal can means a single-walled
container manufactured from a metal substrate that is equal to or thinner than
0.0149 inches, and designed to hold or pack any food or beverage.
The state of Maryland has proposed to ban the use of BPA in child care articles.
The Maryland House of Delegates has voted 134-1 to approve the bill and is now
under further consideration by the Senate. The proposal requires child care
articles to be free from BPA or any other carcinogens or reproductive toxicants.
It also requires manufacturers to label products as Bisphenol-A free.
A person violating these requirements will be subject to a fine not exceeding
USD $10,000 for each violation.
Uses of BPA:
Bisphenol-A is used primarily to make plastics, and products containing BPA-based
plastics have been in commerce for more than 50 years. It is a key monomer in
production of polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins. Polycarbonate plastic
is nearly shatter-proof, and is used to make a variety of common products including
baby and water bottles. Epoxy resins containing BPA are used as coatings on
the inside of almost all food and beverage cans.
Bisphenol A has low acute toxicity, but it is an endocrine disruptor. Low doses
of BPA can mimic the body's own hormones, possibly causing negative health effects.
There is thus concern that long term low dose exposure to BPA may induce chronic
toxicity in humans.
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