The EU PFOS Directive
will be overall implemented from June 27, 2008
On Dec 27, 2006, the
European Parliament and the Council of the European Union
jointly published the Directive on the Restriction of Sale
and Use of Perfluorooctane Sulfonates (2006/122/EC), and prohibits
the sale of substances containing PFOS as ingredient or elements
in amount of or above 0.005% (50ppm) of total mass or concentration,
or finished or semi-finished products or parts and components
containing PFOS in amount of or above 0.1% (1000ppm) of total
mass or concentration. The Directive became effective from
the date of publication, and the member countries shall implement
related restrictions from June 27, 2008.
(1) May not be placed
on the market or used as a substance or constituent of preparations
in a concentration equal to or higher than 0,005 % by mass.
(2) May not be placed
on the market in semi-finished products or articles, or parts
thereof, if the concentration of PFOS is equal to or higher
than 0,1 % by mass
Use of PFOS:
Perfluorooctane sulfonates - PFOS exists in salt, ramification
and polymer in form of negative ion. It is oil and water proof,
so widely used in the raw materials of many consumer goods
and industrial products including textiles, carpet, paper,
paint, fire fighting foam, video material and aviation liquid
- In the North America,
the U.S. Environment Protection Agency (EPA) had banned
PFOS, but exempted some special uses in aviation, photography
- In 2005, Sweden introduced
a global ban on PFOS and related substances according to
the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants.
- In 2007, Canada Environment
Department proposed a bill regulating use of perfluorooctane
sulfonates, it's salt and some other compounds. The bill
will prohibit the production, sale and import of PFOS with
only a few exemptions.
- In 2007, Norway Environment
Department passed the new regulation relating to the uses
of PFOS in textiles, fire fighting foam and impregnation
agents. The date of the regulation entering into force was
Use of PFOA:
PFOA is the abbreviation
of Perfluorooctanoic acid, or called "CB". It is
an artificial compound, usually an indispensable processing
auxiliary in production of high efficiency Fluoropolymer (such
as poly (tetrafluoroethylene) PTEE, commonly known as "teflon®").
These high efficiency Fluoropolymer are widely used in space
technology, transportation, electronics and consumer goods
such as kitchenware.
- January 2006, the U.S.
Environment Protection Agency announced a long-term and
voluntary plan (2010/15 PFOA guideline), which requires
reducing 95% of factory discharge and content of Perfluorooctanoic
acid and related chemicals in products by 2010, and totally
eliminate Perfluorooctanoic acid in discharge and products
- The Germany Federal
Institute for Risk Assessment (BFR) guideline BFR section
LI sets the maximum permissible limit for the specific migration
of PFOA and its ammonium salt together with the sodium salt
of perfluoro-alkenyl-oxybenzene sulfonic acid in total is
0.005 mg/dm2 in the temperature resistant polymer coating
systems for frying, cooking and baking utensils.
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