Business Alert - China
The Ministry of Health and Ministry of Commerce have jointly formulated three sets of hygiene regulations for the lodging, bathhouse, and beauty and hair salon sectors respectively. The objective is to strengthen hygiene control over these three sectors, provide a norm for business operations and raise their hygiene management standards.
Each of the three sets of regulations is made up of five parts, including general provisions, hygiene requirements for venues, hygiene requirements for operations, hygiene management, and hygiene requirements for employees. Also given are recommendations for the cleaning and sterilisation of articles and appliances, and a check list for self-examination in hygiene management.
The regulations make provisions for the duties, training and administration system of hygiene management organisations and employees, environmental hygiene management, contingency plans, and public hygiene incidents reporting system. They also set forth requirements for the health management, hygiene knowledge training and personal hygiene of the employees.
According to the Ministry of Health, lodging venues, bathhouses, and beauty and hair salons in China have registered a substantial increase in number on the heels of rapid economic and social development. They are steadily expanding in functions and forms and are providing a wider range of services. However, problems of hygiene management have also emerged.
First, hygiene evaluation has not been carried out during the feasibility study or design stage or before the completion of newly built, renovated or expanded public venues. As a result, there may be sources of pollution around the venues, and the designs of water supply, hygiene and sterilisation facilities often do not meet hygiene requirements.
Second, the hygiene control system of the venues leaves much to be desired and not all employees have health check-ups and hygiene training or observe good hygiene practices.
Third, the original public bathhouse hygiene standards, barbershop and beauty salon hygiene standards, and the hotel industry hygiene standards lacked systematic regulations governing the hygiene control of venues and could not guide the operators of these establishments in exercising hygiene control.